FA23 Memo to CCC BOG re: Title 5

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📃Status

Update as of Tuesday, September 26, 2023 5:45pm: The CCC Board of Governors met on Tuesday, September 26, 2023 to discuss Agenda Item 4.2 Proposed Regulatory Action: Associate Degree Requirements.

After BOG discussion, public comment on Item 4.2 was opened. Three faculty (Anne Donegan, Megan Sweeney, and Josh Franco) delivered public comment in support of the memo.

After public comment, a few Governors re-engaged for further discussion, which typically does not occur.

Ultimately, the BOG did not vote to consider our amendment and voted to adopt the modifications to text of proposed amendments to California Code of Regulations, Title 5, Associate Degree, as originally proposed.

Next Step #1: The CCC BOG is scheduled to meet on Wednesday, September 27, 2023, from 9:00am to 12:00pm.

Agenda Item 7.1 Public Forum should occur sometime between 10:30am-12:00pm.

Interested individuals can listen in and give public comment via Zoom in support of the memo. This will help further demonstrate the importance of our effort.

Next Step #2: Prepare a resolution for consideration at ASCCC Area meetings scheduled for October 27, 2023 between 9:00am and 2:00pm.

Our goal would be to have at least 1 area adopt a resolution in line with the memo’s recommendation. That resolution will then be heard at ASCCC Fall Plenary Session on November 16-18, 2023.


📝 Memo

TO: California Community Colleges Board of Governors

FROM: Signed Faculty and Allies

DATE: To be emailed by Friday, September 22, 2023 at 3:00pm Pacific

RE: Amendment to Modifications to Text of Proposed Amendments to California Code of Regulations, Title 5, Associate Degree codifying American Institutions and Ideals

———-

Dear Board of Governors,

Knowledge of American history and American government is paramount for a well-informed, civically engaged, and politically efficacious populace.

Every community college student earning an Associate Degree from our system should be empowered to shape the future of the country with knowledge of our nation’s dynamic history and inner workings of our governmental institutions.

Building on Academic Senate for California Community Colleges resolutions adopted in spring 2019 and spring 2023, we propose the following amendments to the modifications to text of proposed amendments to California Code of Regulations, Title 5, Associate Degree codifying American Institutions and Ideals:

Amend §55061 to increase total minimum.

(c) A minimum of 21 30 semester units (28 44 – 31 47.5 quarter units) of general education in the areas described below. 

Amend §55061(c)(4) to increase minimum units.

(4) Social and Behavioral Sciences (minimum of 3 6 semester / 4 8 quarter units). Courses in the social and behavioral sciences focus on people as members of society and develop awareness of the methods of inquiry used by the social and behavioral sciences. They stimulate critical thinking about how people act and have acted in response to their societies and promote appreciation of how societies and social subgroups operate. Courses fulfilling this requirement may include introductory or integrative baccalaureate-level courses in cultural anthropology, cultural geography, economics, history, political science, psychology, sociology, and related disciplines. 

Amend §55061(c) to add a new section (7).

(7) U.S. History and U.S. Government (minimum 6 semester/ 8 quarter units). Courses fulfilling this requirement include a baccalaureate-level course in U.S. history offered within the discipline of history and a baccalaureate-level course in U.S. government offered within the discipline of political science.

Amend §55062 to increase total minimum.

(3) Completion of a minimum of 21 30 semester units (28 44 – 31 47.5 quarter units) general education pattern pursuant to section 55061, or completion of the requirements for an approved intersegmental lower-division general education pattern used for transfer to the University of California or the California State University; and 

Thank you for your time and consideration of our Amendment to Modifications to Text of Proposed Amendments to California Code of Regulations, Title 5, Associate Degree codifying American Institutions and Ideals.

Sincerely,

Undersigned Faculty and Allies

NameCollege or University
LIZANNE MCBRIDECerritos College
Martin BennettSanta Rosa Junior College
Salvador TolentinoSan Joaquin Delta College
Sarah Seekatz, PhDSan Joaquin Delta College
Gialisa GaffaneyCerritos College
Julie DavisCerritos College
James FordSan Joaquin Delta College
Edward ChiCerritos College
Siobhan McGregor-GordonSanta Rosa Junior College
Michael HawkinsCerritos College
Deems MorrioneCerritos College
Gregory MorreSanta Rosa Junior College
Clarence BanksCerritos College
Nicole SlovakSanta Rosa Junior College
Matthew DunnCerritos College
Alexis HansonSanta Rosa Junior College
Yolonda MosleyCerritos College
William RendonCerritos College
Solomon NamalaCerritos College
Sarah WhyllySanta Rosa Junior College
Emily Schmidt, MTS, PhD-ABDSanta Rosa Junior College
George JarrrettCerritos College
Jeffrey HeerenCerritos College
VICTOR OBASOHANCerritos College
John HaasCerritos College
Will MittendorfCerritos College
Walter FernándezCerritos College
Sunday ObazuayeCerritos College
Robert BremCollege of Alameda
Stephanie Seery-MurphyCalifornia State University, Sacramento
Anne LindsayCalifornia State University, Sacramento
Bruce GreenbergCerritos College
Jeffrey WilsonCalifornia State University, Sacramento
Cirian VillavicencioSan Joaquin Delta College
Johannes van GorpSanta Rosa Junior College
Allison BakerSanta Rosa Junior College
Katherine MichelOhlone College
Monte FreidigSanta Rosa Junior College
Nick PerroneSanta Rosa Junior College
Ryan EmenakerCollege of the Redwoods
Kau VueFresno City College
Austin BarrazaSan Diego Mesa College
Michelle WilliamsCañada College
Kyle LivieOhlone College
Ian LivieSanta Rosa Junior College
William SpiresSanta Rosa Junior College
anne extonSanta Rosa Junior College
Alexandra Nickliss, Ph.D.City College of San Francisco
Richard StrauchSanta Rosa Junior College
Lance BernardSanta Rosa Junior College
Terrance MullinsCerritos College
Kimberly KeenanCity College of San Francisco
Anne DoneganSanta Rosa Junior College
Darlene AliotoCity College of San Francisco
Megan SweeneyCity College of San Francisco
Ric EppsImperial Valley College
Javier Gonzalez-MeeksGrossmont College
Steven CauchonImperial Valley College
Moriah Gonzalez-MeeksCuyamaca College
Josh Franco, Ph.D.Cuyamaca College

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❓ FAQ

Q: What is CCC, BOG, and Title 5?

A: CCC stands for California Community Colleges, which is made up for 115 colleges throughout the state.

BOG stands for Board of Governors. According to their website, “the California Community Colleges is guided by a process of participatory governance, and the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges sets policy and provides guidance for the 73 districts and 116 colleges that constitute the system. Board members are appointed by the Governor and formally interact with state and federal officials and other state organizations.”

Title 5 is the title in the California Code of Regulations pertaining to education in the state. Title 5 consists of 13 divisions. Division 6 covers California Community Colleges only.

Q: What is the status quo with Title 5, what are the proposed changes to Title 5, and what is the memo amending?

Status Quo of Title 5

A: The status quo with Title 5, Article 6, The Associate Degree includes 5 sections:

  • §55060. District Policy.
  • §55061. Philosophy and Criteria for Associate Degree and General Education.
  • §55062. Types of Courses Appropriate to the Associate Degree.
  • §55063. Minimum Requirements for the Associate Degree.
  • §55064. Acceptance of Noncredit Courses.

§55063 outlines four General Education Requirements for students earning a local Associate Degree at their community college: Natural Sciences, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Humanities, Language and Rationality.

Proposed Changes to Status Quo of Title 5

The proposed changes to Title 5 are detailed here. Changes include:

  • replacing §55060 mostly with language from §55061;
  • reorganizing §55061 to declare Associate Degree Course Requirements and re-ordering the areas as follows:
    • 1) English Composition, Oral Communication, and Critical Thinking
    • 2) Mathematical Concepts and Quantitative Reasoning
    • 3) Arts and Humanities
    • 4) Social and Behavioral Sciences
    • 5) Natural Sciences, and
    • 6) Ethnic Studies;
  • replacing §55062 to declare Requirements for Awarding of the Associate Degree;
  • repealing §55063.

Memo’s Amendments to Proposed Changes to Status Quo of Title 5

The memo is proposing amendments to the:

  • proposed reorganizing of §55061 by:
    • increasing the total minimum units from 21 semester units to 30 semester units;
    • increasing the number of Social and Behavioral Sciences minimum units from 3 semester units to 6 semester units;
    • and adding 7) U.S. History and U.S. Government with a minimum of 6 semester units;
  • proposed replacing of § 55062 by updating the total minimum units from 21 semester units to 30 semester units.
Q: Has the Academic Senate for California Community Colleges (ASCCC) adopted a resolution about this generally or specifically?

A: Yes, the ASCCC adopted SP19 Resolution @ ASCCC which resolved “That the Academic Senate for California Community Colleges explore possibilities for adding a requirement similar to the California State University’s United States History, Constitution and American Ideals Requirement to the associate’s degree requirements for the California Community Colleges.”

Additionally, the ASCCC adopted SP23 Resolution @ ASCCC which further resolved the body’s commitment to the American Institutions and Ideals requirement.

The ASCCC has not adopted a resolution that includes the specific amendments proposed in the memo.

Q: If we are increasing the minimum units to earn a local (i.e. campus-specific) Associate Degree, where/what areas would we be taking units from? 

A: We are proposing increase the total minimum number of units to earn a local Associate Degree from 21 semester units to 30 semester units.

We are not proposing reducing the minimum unit requirements for any other Associate Degree general education areas.

Instead of dividing the existing pie, we are proposing growing the pie by increasing the total minimum number of units.

Q: How many programs could be impacted by increasing the total minimum units required to earn a local Associate Degree?

California Community Colleges offer thousands of degree and certificate programs.

Only local Associate of Arts or Associate of Science degrees would be affected.

Across all colleges, 2,573 AA or AS degrees are offered.

420 of these 2,573 degree programs have major unit requirements greater than 30 units, while 2,153 degree programs have major unit requirements less than or equal to 30 units.

A program with major unit requirements greater than 30 units, and a legal requirement, regulatory obligation, or normative preference to maintain a 60-unit total degree requirement, may need to review and update their program.

Q: Do any California community colleges have a standalone U.S. History and/or U.S. Government requirement?

A: Yes, there is at least 1 community college that has a standalone U.S. History requirement, at least 5 community colleges that have a standalone U.S. Government requirement, at least 2 community colleges that have both requirements, and at least 15 community colleges that have either/or as a requirement.

Q: What are General Education requirements?

A: General Education requirements are the set of courses across a range of academic fields/disciplines that a student must complete to earn an Associate Degree or to transfer to a 4-year university.

There are typically three general education requirements at California community colleges, depending on a student’s academic goal to earn:

  • 1) a local (i.e. college-specific) Associate Degree, and/or
  • 2) transfer to the California State University (CSU), and/or
  • 3) transfer to the University of California (UC).

Students with the goal of a earning a certificate typically do not need to complete the set of General Education courses, but students should consult with a counselor.

Q: Can you elaborate on the 3 types of General Education requirements?

A: Yes, a local (i.e. college-specific) Associate Degree general education requirements are determined by the California Code of Regulations, Title 5 minimum requirements and local (i.e. college-specific) requirements determined by a college’s Curriculum Committee and Academic/Faculty Senate.

An Associate for Transfer Degree, which is a degree earned by students who intends to transfer to a California State University campus, specifies a set of courses required by an academic field/discipline. Then, the CSU Breadth General Education requirements become the de facto general education requirements for a student earning an Associate for Transfer Degree.

Finally, students who want to transfer to a University of California campus, complete their academic field/discipline’s specific courses (which can be related to an Associate for Transfer Degree, but not always directly related), and the Intersegmental General Education Transfer Curriculum (IGETC for UC).

Q: I have additional questions about the memo, who can I contact?

A: Thank you for reviewing the memo and the associated FAQ. Feel free to send additional questions to josue.franco@gcccd.edu.

Q: I am a community college faculty member. Can my campus adopt an American Institutions and Ideals requirement for our local Associate Degree?

A: Yes, community colleges already have the authority to adopt an American Institutions and Ideals requirement for your college’s local Associate Degree.

Working with your Curriculum Committee and Academic Senate, you would need to propose a change to your college’s local Associate Degree general education pattern to add an “American Institutions and Ideals” area that includes your college’s Introduction to U.S. History course and Introduction to U.S. Government course.

Q: Does AB 928 constrain the CCC Associate Degree requirements?

A: No, AB 928, the Student Transfer Achievement Reform Act of 2021, does not constrain the California Community College’s from adopting amendments to California Code of Regulations Title 5 Associate Degree.

Students earning a local Associate Degree from a California Community College is not the same as a student earning an Associate Degree for Transfer (ADT).

AB 928 mandated “the Intersegmental Committee of the Academic Senates of the University of California, the California State University, and the California Community Colleges shall establish a singular lower division general education pathway that meets the academic requirements necessary for transfer admission to both the California State University and University of California.”

This singular lower division general education pathway is now called Cal-GETC.

Cal-GETC is “the only lower division general education pathway used to determine academic eligibility and sufficient academic preparation for transfer admission to the California State University and the University of California.”

Additionally, AB 928 states that Cal-GETC “shall not lengthen the time-to-degree and shall not include more units than is required under the Intersegmental General Education Transfer Curriculum on July 31, 2021.” The units required under IGETC Version 2.2 on July 31, 2021, was 34 semester units.

Cal-GETC specifies that 11 courses (34 semester units) across 6 areas must be completed by a student earning an ADT.

CCC’s are proposing an Associate Degree General Education pathway which specifies that 7 courses (21 semester units) across 6 areas must be completed by a student earning a local Associate degree.

Q: Does AB 705 or AB 1705 constrain the CCC Associate Degree requirements?